The farms are forced to adapt to the electric car
Impulse to clean energy
The farms are forced to adapt to the electric car
Thousands of Barceloneses celebrate the bicycle party
Community garages under the apartment blocks built decades ago face one of their biggest challenges. It is no longer that the squares drawn then have become small compared to the increasingly larger family vehicles , but rather that the source of energy used by the cars of the future will force adaptation actions that in some cases can be especially complicated.
They should do it sooner or later and it will not be on a whim. The European Commission includes in a package of measures to promote clean energy the obligation to install charging points for the electric vehicle in all buildings and parking both public and private. The deadline initially established is January 2021, although it is true that the corresponding directives still have to be approved and that the European program establishes measures until 2030 , so that all this can be made more flexible over the next decade.
The constructors do not include the starting installation, but the adaptation is simple
“The market is not doing it, many promotions of new construction are being built without loading points,” criticizes Jordi Marrot, head of the rehabilitation and environment unit of Col·legi d’Aparelladors, Arquitectes Tècnics i Enginyers d’Edificació of Barcelona (CAATEB), “so without courageous measures, the electric car will hardly make a hole, and the fulfillment of European objectives will be unfeasible”. Although they are not installed as a starting point, the implementation of newly constructed blocks of flats is relatively simple since the counters are usually on the ground floor and there are ducts that allow the relevant modifications without major problems. The technical architect Roger Bancells explains that “since the approval of the Technical Building Code in 2006 the electrical installation is centralized and it is easy to pass the wiring”.
Who really will have it difficult is the neighbor of the fifth who lives in an old farm with the electricity meter inside his house and the parking space in a second underground floor. The most common technique is the installation of a line from the particular meter to the parking space. In these cases the cost and technical difficulty go up. Even so, it is still the option generally used because the cost of consumption and installation affects only the owner of the electric vehicle and the rest of the neighbors do not have to pay anything.
The cost and technical difficulty shoot up in blocks of flats with the counter at home
The other options are the connection to the community line of the car park -with what the cost of the electric recharge is paid by all the neighbors even if only one uses it-, or the installation of a new supply line with a limited power meter for all the parking and only those who were interested would pay. “The community options financed by all the neighbors are more cost-effective if the farm is very old,” says Bancells.
The wide variety of options and the complicated procedures to follow have led to the emergence of companies dedicated exclusively to it. The same European package in which the future obligation of adapting all the community garages to the electric vehicle is included in the start of this new type of mobility as a source of generation of occupation and wealth. Jordi Marrot, from Caateb, ratifies it: “Technical and solar energy installers are lacking, and in the next few years there will be a great demand”. Marrot considers it one of the most relevant medium-term professional sectors.
An example of these new companies is AparCar (Aparca and Carga), a company in Sant Cugat del Vallès that installs loading points in the parking spaces of residential buildings through a community management system with meters and individual supply points. “A common cable runs through all the corridors of the parking lot and is ready for the neighbors to connect to it easily and economically if they purchase an electric vehicle, which saves up to 40% compared to an individual installation”, highlights the General Manager of AparCar, Miquel Castro. Although the final result is that only the consumer pays, this option involves an initial expense in the community that not all the neighbors are willing to assume.
In the dispute over the renovation of the lift or the works to improve the façade, the quarrels are incorporated into the neighborhood communities by the loading points. Farm managers recognize that it is a growing concern. Despite the discussions, the truth is that the law protects the neighbors who want to install a loading point in their parking space, it is simply necessary a prior communication to the community of owners.
As with the facades or elevators, public aid can be the factor that tilts the balance towards those favorable to the electrical installation. The Government, through the strategic plan for the deployment of charging infrastructure for the electric vehicle in Catalonia (Pirvec) last year financed up to 75% of each point, with a maximum of 1,000 euros per linked point and up to 2,500 euros in the if it was a pre-installation for future points in a community garage. The goal of the Catalan government is that by the end of next year there are 25,000 outlets running. Automotive manufacturers such as Nissan also offers free installation of the point of charge at home, as they have detected that the charging infrastructure is one of the aspects that throw back potential interested in making the jump to the electric vehicle.